The contents of the book may be analyzed further as follows :The book is divided into two parts: Zechariah , concerned mainly with the They did everything the Lord commanded and were without fault in keeping his law. The Story of the Bible – Part One – The Old Testament Discover the Bible verses about Zechariah in the Bible to get a better understanding of their roles and significance in this collection of scripture quotes. Answer: There were a couple of prominent men in the Bible named Zechariah alternate spelling Zacharias or Zachariah. Outline and structure of Zechariah. Zechariah’s story tells much about persevering in prayer. The other notable Zechariah was a priest, the father of John the Baptist Luke The dates of Zechariah’s recorded messages are best correlated with those local scene thus becomes the basis for contemplating the universal, eschatological. Yahweh remembers. That Zechariah lived much earlier B. The name “Zechariah” means “God remembered.
Academic journal article Journal of Biblical Literature. Since the rise of the diachronic analysis of Biblical Hebrew BH in the nine-teenth century, biblical scholars have perceived that BH is not a single, homogeneous entity in terms of its chronology. Kutscher treat it in his LBH discussion. It was not until recent decades that the language of Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi began to draw scholars’ attention.
For example, Andrew E.
Zechariah’s prophetic ministry took place in the postexilic period, the time Zechariah is among the most precisely dated books in the Bible. That Zechariah lived.
The triumphs of Cyrus the Great brought the return of Japheth to dominion over the tents of Shem after centuries of Semitic supremacy in the Fertile Crescent. Then in B. In the name of the God of Israel they called the restored remnant to the reconstruction of the ruined temple and promised them a future of Messianic glory. For it distinguishes its treatment of chapters 9—14 from that of chapters 1—8 almost as sharply as it would in the case of two separate books.
This post-Zecharian dating of chapters 9—14 has been the vogue since the end of the nineteenth century, having replaced the pre-exilic hypothesis which was the equally confident persuasion of the earlier negative critics. Ready access to the detailed linguistic, historical, and ideological arguments is available to all who are interested in the discussions of G. Apropos of useful tools for the study of Zechariah the recency of the date of the commentary is not always a reliable index of value.
The busy preacher, earnestly concerned to know what God is saying to us through Zechariah, will find that the nineteenth century work of Hengstenberg in his Christology of the Old Testament and of Keil is still as highly rewarding as anything produced since. Those who consult the original text will find the commentary of Mitchell rich in philological material. The first major block of material covers chapters 1—6 and consists of seven visions received in one night, along with an introductory word, dated some three months before the night visions, and a concluding symbolic action:.
He begins his ministry to the Israelites with the exhortation to hearken unto Moses if they would inherit the blessings of Christ. Vision 1 —17 The central theme of these night visions is the kingdom of God in the midst of the kingdoms of the world.
The Theology of the Books of Haggai and Zechariah (Old Testament Theology)
Ralph L. Smith writes: “The first part of the book of Zechariah chaps. The first date is ‘the eighth month of the second year of Darius’ which would be October, B.
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This construction appears regularly throughout the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel and is used regularly in Zechariah 1—8, not only in the introductory formulae of , 7; , but also in ; , 8; , 18 see commentary on b-7, and for implications of this evidence for redaction see the Introduction. In Hag. First, by providing historical information, the writer signals to the reader the importance of this particular context for understanding the words delivered by the prophet and the response elicited from the people.
Of the three dates provided in the book of Zechariah, however, this initial one is the most imprecise, lacking a particular day and providing only the number of the month rather than the number and name of the month cf. The lack of a day formula may merely be due to the constraints of the source from which this message was drawn. While the year to which this prophetic section is dated is clear in Darius Year 2 , there has been some debate over which regnal dating system was employed.
Chapter 2. Dating and Setting
By Carl Laney. Zechariah, written to encourage the remnant of Israel struggling to follow the Lord, looks ahead to the eventual triumph of God’s people and the coming of the Messiah. It contains many prophecies about Messiah, His life on earth, His millennial reign, and the salvation He would bring–so many in fact that it has been called the “Revelation of the Old Testament.
Carl Laney takes you through these prophecies carefully, giving you guidelines for interpreting apocalyptic literature and enriching your understanding of the times in which Zechariah lived. With this Everyman’s Bible Commentary as your guide, you can discover rich truths about the Lord Jesus Christ found in the minor prophets. Use it in your personal study or as the basis of group or Sunday school study.
Read Zechariah- Everyman’s Bible Commentary by Carl Laney with a free trial. Arguments for late dating Zechariah are seriously undermined by the.
Lee, Suk Yee. Bloomsbury Collections. Copyright Suk Yee Lee All rights reserved. Further reproduction or distribution is prohibited without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Suk Yee Lee.
Commentary on Zechariah 9:9-12
Zechariah prophesied about the same time as Haggai, when after returning from exile in , the people had still not rebuilt the temple. Only about 50, returned. From Ezra 2. Only 74 Levites and temple servants came back:Ezra 2. Isaiah as we recall had painted so bright a picture of the return from exile. But then, as we gather from Ezra and Nehemiah, the picture was not so glorious.
Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to Zechariah and chronological references that allegedly require a different date and author from those of chs. 1–8.
Prophetical book composed of fourteen chapters; the eleventh in the order of the Minor Prophets, following Haggai and preceding Malachi. Inspection of its contents shows immediately that the book readily divides into two parts; namely, i. In the first part Israel is the object of solicitude; and to encourage it to proceed with the rearing of the Temple and to secure the recognition of Zerubbabel and Joshua are the purposes of the prophecy.
Visions, which are described and construed so as to indicate Yhwh ‘s approval of the prophet’s anxiety, predominate as the mediums of the prophetic message, and the lesson is fortified by appeals to Israel’s past history, while stress is laid on righteousness versus ritualism. The date is definitely assigned to the second year of King Darius Hystaspes.
The historical background is the condition which confronted the Jews who first returned from the Exile see, however, Koster’s “Herstel von Israel,” Some event—according to Stade, the revolt of Smerdis; but more probably the second conquest of Babylon under Darius—seems to have inspired buoyant hopes in the otherwise despondent congregation in Jerusalem, thus raising their Messianic expectations Zech.
Angels and Satan are intermediaries and actors.
Old Testament: Zechariah
Mitchell, Hinckley G. Powis Smith, and Julius A. London: Bloomsbury Publishing UK , International Critical Commentary.
The historical context of the book is identical to that of Haggai. The first eight chapters of Zechariah contain date references ranging from October.
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Dreams of the Apocalypse: The Prophet Zechariah
General Information The Book of Zechariah, one of the so – called Minor Prophets or shorter books of the Old Testament of the Bible, takes its name from a priest who returned to Jerusalem with the exiles from Babylon. Scholars generally acknowledge, however, that only the first eight chapters of the book, which date from to BC, were written by Zechariah. These chapters are apocalyptic in character, consisting principally of a series of eight visions devoted to eschatological themes.
Chapters 9 to 11 come from the hand of another author, “Second Zechariah” c.
A tradition dating from the Middle Ages links this tomb to the prophet Zechariah and the Jewish sages, who were shocked by the cruel murder of this man of God.
Book of Zechariah. Go To Jechariah Index. Title: The universal tradition of both Jews and Christians endorses the prophet Zechariah as author. Nor should Zechariah the prophet be confused with any of the 28 other men in the Old Testament who bore this name. Zechariah the prophet was probably born in Babylon during the year Babylonian captivity.
His coming to Jerusalem is recorded in Nehemiah ; , and his ministry is mentioned in Ezra ; These historical citations confirm that Zechariah was a priest as well as a prophet. The Talmud indicates that he was a member of the Great Synagogue, a council of originated by Nehemiah and presided over by Ezra. This council later developed into the ruling elders of the nation, called the Sanhedrin. Zechariah was a younger contemporary of Haggai and continued the ministry that Haggai began.
Both Zechariah and Haggai ministered to the same people, but from different perspectives.
Tomb of the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, Jerusalem
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Date: Oct. From: The Journal of Theological Studies(Vol. 47, Issue 2). Publisher: Oxford University Press. Document Type: Book review. Length: 1,
Learn Hebrew. Was Jesus Yeshua really born on December 25th, as the Western Christian Tradition maintains, or does the careful study of Scripture allow us to infer a different time for His advent here on earth? Two cases can be reasonably made: one case for a Tishri Sukkot birth in the fall, and the other for the traditional late December date.
As I hope to make clear, the crux of the arguments both for and against the late December dating of the birth of Yeshua depend upon the date assigned to the service of the course of “Abijah” i. But what is the “course of Aviyah” and why is it important? By way of background, note that King David divided the sons of Aaron i.
Once these courses were established, lots were drawn to determine the sequence each group would serve in the Temple see 1 Chr.
Zechariah 9-14 and Malachi: A Commentary
The book of Zechariah is the lengthiest of the so-called Minor Prophets and one of the most difficult books in the Old Testament. The historical context of the book is identical to that of Haggai. The first eight chapters of Zechariah contain date references ranging from October of B. Chapters do not contain any date references. Zechariah deals with a number of important themes, the most significant being the restoration of Israel.
He encourages the people with the promise that Jerusalem and the temple will be rebuilt and that this rebuilding will have worldwide significance.
Several articles on the Bible Book of Zechariah, Zacharias, Zachariah. eight chapters of the book, which date from to BC, were written by Zechariah.
This prophecy was the eleventh in a collection of a dozen short books known as the twelve Minor Prophets, coming at the end of the second division of the Heb. The Book of Zechariah emerged from the immediate postexilic period, and is therefore a valuable source of information about a phase of Jewish history which is deficient in extra-Biblical documentation.
The historical situation underlying the Book of Zechariah is identical with that which gave rise to the oracles of Haggai. Both men were contemporaries, and were mentioned together in Ezra and Although they were the first two prophets to be named as living and working in Judaea after the return from exile in Babylonia in b. Consequently it has sometimes been supposed that they had returned to Pal. However, there appears to be no evidence for this supposition, and it is far more probable that both Haggai and Zechariah were still children when their parents returned to the homeland in b.
If this were actually the case, Zechariah would have grown to manhood amidst the spirit of apathy, indifference and neglect of spiritual priorities which characterized the period of the return between and b. The proclamation of the edict of Cyrus in by which expatriate groups held captive in Mesopotamia during the neo-Babylonian regime b. Inspired by the utterances and personal example of Ezekiel, the prospect of renewing a covenant relationship with God in the land of their fathers can hardly have failed to stimulate great interest in the future of a restored community.
What the exiles had apparently reckoned without, however, was the sense of despair and disillusionment which quickly ensued when they saw the way in which Jerusalem had been desolated. Little that was of any value was intact, and the ruined walls made it possible for those elements of the Samaritans, Edomites and Arab tribes which lived in the vicinity to wander in and out of the city at will. It seems highly probable that the exiles who returned to Judaea were far from wealthy, their more affluent countrymen having elected for the most part to remain behind in Babylonia when the summons to return to Pal.
Since there were almost no capital resources upon which the repatriates could draw, they were forced to eke out a scanty existence, living precariously from day to day on the products of a ruined and inhospitable terrain, and open always to the depredations of their enemies.