Passover , otherwise known as Pesach in Hebrew, is regarded as one of the most important festivals in Judaism. Every year, Jewish families celebrate the festival by sitting around the Seder table and recounting how Moses led the Jewish people out of Egypt following years of slavery. So when does Passover take place this year, what’s the history behind it and how is it observed? The festival is traditionally observed for eight days by many Jewish people around the world, including those who left Israel as part of the Jewish diaspora. For those celebrating Passover for eight days, it will end this year on the evening of Thursday 16 April. In the Torah the body of Jewish scripture , Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nissan, the day in the Hebrew calendar on which the Jewish departed from Egypt thousands of years ago. During Passover, Jewish people remember how Moses freed the Israelites from slavery under the reign of the Egyptian Pharaohs, as stated by the Torah. Following orders by the Pharaoh to drown all male Hebrew children in the river Nile, Moses’ mother had given him away in the hopes that he would survive. According to the Book of Exodus, Moses warned the Pharaoh that if he failed to free the Israelites, Egypt would be hit by a host of terrible plagues. After the people of Egypt were subjected to 10 plagues, including blood, frogs, boils, locusts, darkness and the death of every firstborn son, the Pharaoh eventually relented and allowed the Jewish people to leave Egypt with Moses.
Passover: The Haggadah
The Passover Haggadah is a set form of benedictions, prayers, midrashic comments and psalms recited at the seder ritual on the eve of Passover. The Haggadah is based on the seder service prescribed by the Mishnah Pes. Essentially, the Haggadah is an account of the Egyptian bondage, a thanksgiving to God for the redemption, and, in Temple times, a thanksgiving for the acquisition of the Land of Israel. After the destruction of the Second Temple, the latter was replaced by a prayer for the ultimate redemption.
The purpose of the Haggadah ” Ve-higgadta le-vinkha ” — “And thou shalt tell thy son,” Ex. Not written by any particular author, or group of authors, the Haggadah is not a “literary composition” in the accepted sense of the term.
The Jewish celebration of Passover always happens in the spring, but the first day doesn’t always occur on the same date, at least not on our modern Gregorian calendar. This year, it begins on April 8, but here’s why it moves around so much from year to year. Passover is the celebration of the event that led to Moses guiding the Israelites out of Egyptian captivity, a story that’s found in both the Hebrew and Christian bibles. Here’s a simplified version of the story: The Egyptians had enslaved the Israelites for hundreds of years when Moses went to the Pharaoh of Egypt and told him to let the Israelites go.
The Pharaoh refused, so God sent 10 plagues, each one more damaging than the next. For the final plague, God sent the angel of death in the middle of the night to kill every firstborn son in Egypt. To show that the Israelites were the chosen people, they were given specific instructions to avoid death. They were told to place the blood of a lamb around the doors of their homes so the angel of death would know to “pass over” their homes. When the pharaoh woke to find his firstborn and all the firstborn sons and animals of Egypt dead, he ordered the Israelites out of Egypt.
In the Bible, Exodus says the Festival of Unleavened Bread, which is now called Passover, should be celebrated at the “appointed time in the month of Aviv, for in that month you came out of Egypt. The Jewish calendar is based on lunar months of 29 or 30 days. Each month begins on the new moon. An extra month is added occasionally to help it more closely match the seasons, according to Judaism
Determining the Dates for Easter and Passover
This is the first in an ongoing series of articles on Messianic chronology centered around understanding the “Seventy Weeks” prophecy of Daniel In this article we will focus on the Passover and its impact on the day we choose for the date of Christ’s Crucifixion. In August , I undertook a wide-ranging study of various aspects of biblical chronology and eschatology. This study, now referred to as The Daniel Project because seeking to understand those verses got me started, was motivated by my desire to settle, to my satisfaction alone, exactly what God had revealed in Scripture about end-times matters.
Because I attended seminary back in the s, I am quite aware that this area of study has generated a lot of opinions and discussion!
Mark, whom Matthew and Luke follow in essentials, gives us a precise dating: “On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb.
Remember me. Forgot your password? Subscribe today to gain access to every Research Intelligencer article we publish as well as the exclusive daily newsletter, full access to The MediaPost Cases , first-look research and daily insights from Joe Mandese, Editor in Chief. One thing is certain — be sure to order food well in advance, especially in high COVIDimpacted areas. Despite President Trump’s remarks about wanting to loosen some restrictions by Easter, it looks like we need to make alternative plans.
The study — conducted between March 15 and March 23 — pulls anonymous data from app users across the U. The percentage is beginning to show up in attitudinal metrics CivicScience now tracks. Data shows people are concerned about being in public spaces like live events, in restaurants, and on airplanes. People begin to behave differently the closer the COVID crisis becomes to them, such as when they realize they know someone who has contracted the disease. Younger people are much more likely to know someone, because they tend to have larger social networks both online and offline.
That attitude had a major influence in analysts reducing estimates based on a reduction in consumer spending, as brands continue to spend less or halt campaigns on Google, Facebook and Microsoft Bing. Laurie Sullivan is a writer and editor for MediaPost. You can reach Laurie at lauriesullivan gmail.
The Profound Connection Between Easter and Passover
Aug 28 8 Elul Torah Portion. Why is it that Passover is celebrated worldwide beginning on the night of the 15th of Nisan? The Torah states a number of times that the Passover celebration falls on the 14th day of the first month e. Exodus , Leviticus , Numbers And to my knowledge, in the Jewish calendar the day follows the night. Thus, the Seder should be celebrated on the eve of the 14th, but Jews universally celebrate in on the 15th.
But it was clearly irksome to many that the Jewish dating of Passover was the determinant of the date of Easter. Following the church at Rome, they wanted to.
The traditional Jewish calendar of the first century AD was lunar, in which the first day of each month was determined by when the crescent of the new moon became visible in Jerusalem shortly after sunset the full moon rising fifteen days later. It was perhaps natural, therefore, that the setting sun should signify the end of the day and sunset the beginning of a new one, which extended to sunset the next day night and day, rather than day and night; cf.
Genesis , “And the evening and morning were the first day”. Friday, for example, began at sunset on Thursday and ended at sunset on Friday, which was the beginning of Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. Daylight hours, however, still were measured from sunrise 6 a. By this reckoning, the third hour was 9 a. An event that occurred in the twilight just before sunset the twelfth hour, 6 p. Although the notion of a new day beginning in the evening is potentially confusing, it is no different than one beginning at midnight six hours later.
As God had “rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made” Genesis , so the Sabbath was to be a day in which “ye shall do no work therein” Leviticus , Exodus Mark , “it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath”. As well as the Sabbath, there were other “feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons” Leviticus , the most important of which was Passover, a movable feast that could fall on any day of the week but was especially sacred when it coincided with the Sabbath.
There was to be a Passover feast of unleavened bread and bitter herbs to commemorate the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, who had marked their doorposts with the blood of a lamb so God would pass over them. And so a lamb was to be kept “until the fourteenth day of the same month” , Leviticus , Numbers , when it was slain that afternoon Nisan 14 in anticipation of the evening Passover meal.
“And You Shall Tell Your Children”
Tonight is the first night of Passover. And like all Jewish holidays, it is governed by the Jewish calendar. This calendar is a delightfully complicated combination of the solar and lunar calendars, with leap months instead of leap days. When trying to understand it, you end up learning terms like the Metonic cycle a year period that allows lunar months and solar years to synchronize and intercalation.
Laws, customs, recipes and inspiring videos and articles relating to the Jewish holiday of Passover (Pesach), when is Passover.
Jesus rose from the dead on the first Sunday following the feast of Passover. Technically, he may have risen Saturday night, but that still counts as Sunday on the Jewish reckoning, which begins each day at sunset instead of at midnight. The date of Passover is a complicated thing. Theoretically, the date should be the 14th of the Jewish month of Nisan, and it should correspond to a full moon the Jewish calendar being partly lunar. As a result, rabbis periodically had to announce when Passover would be celebrated.
They decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after never on the Paschal full moon. Theoretically, the Paschal full moon is the first full moon occurring on or after the spring equinox. However, this day can be reckoned in different ways. One way is by looking at the sky, which yields the astronomical spring equinox. But since this shifts from year to year, most people follow the calendrical spring equinox, which is reckoned as March On the Gregorian calendar the one that we use , Easter is the first Sunday after the Paschal full moon, which is the first full moon on or after March Easter thus always falls between March 22 and April To find Ash Wednesday, you start with the date of Easter Sunday, back up six weeks that gives you the first Sunday of Lent , and then back up four more days: Ash Wednesday is the Wednesday before the first Sunday of Lent.
The problem of dating Jesus’ Last Supper arises from the contradiction on this point between the Synoptic Gospels, on the one hand, and Saint John’s Gospel, on the other. Mark, whom Matthew and Luke follow in essentials, gives us a precise dating: “On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, ‘Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover? And when it was evening he came with the Twelve” , The evening of the first day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Paschal lambs are slaughtered in the Temple, is the vigil of the Passover feast.
According to the chronology of the Synoptics, this was a Thursday. After sunset, the Passover began, and then the Passover meal was taken — by Jesus and his disciples, as indeed by all the pilgrims who had come to Jerusalem.
In this article we will focus on the Passover and its impact on the day we choose for the date of Christ’s Crucifixion. In August , I undertook a wide-ranging.
Easter , Latin Pascha , Greek Pascha , principal festival of the Christian church , which celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his Crucifixion. One of the principal holidays, or feasts , of Christianity , Easter marks the Resurrection of Jesus three days after his death by crucifixion. For many Christian churches, Easter is the joyful end to the Lenten season of fasting and penitence.
The earliest recorded observance of Easter comes from the 2nd century, though it is likely that even the earliest Christians commemorated the Resurrection, which is an integral tenet of the faith. In commemorating the Resurrection of Jesus, Easter celebrates the defeat of death and the hope of salvation. Christian tradition holds that the sins of humanity were paid for by the death of Jesus and that his Resurrection represents the anticipation believers can have in their own resurrection.
Easter, therefore, can fall on any Sunday between March 22 and April
The Dating of the Last Supper
Jews observe it by hosting a ritual dinner, called a seder, and then by abstaining from eating all leavened bread for about a week. Some of us abstain from some other stuff , too. Instead, we eat matzo , a thin, unleavened cracker. Easter is a springtime Christian holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ and freedom from sin and death. One of these holidays is Maundy Thursday, which, aside from being a great name for a holiday, is a remembrance of the Last Supper, which was a seder.
In the United States, many Christians observe Easter by attending a ritual meal between breakfast and lunch, called a brunch.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. The Synoptic Gospels and John describe the dating of Passover differently. The Synoptic Gospels and John describe the dating of Passover differently, Vladimir Blaha. This is testified to in the Antiquities of the Jews by Flavius Josephus c. The Jewish calendar stipulated that 1 Nisan was the day of the new moon at the time of the spring equinox, and this occurred sometime between our 8 March and 6 April.
All the evangelists write that Jesus shared the Last Supper with his apostles on Thursday evening and was then arrested, tried in the night and the following morning, and crucified at midday; that he died on the cross at three in the afternoon and was buried before sunset on Friday as the Saturday Sabbath was nigh.